Shared and Sharedv4 Volumes


Through shared and sharedv4 volumes (also known as a global namespace), a single volume’s filesystem is concurrently available to multiple containers running on multiple hosts.

Note 1: You do not need to use shared/sharedv4 volumes to have your data accessible on any host in the cluster. Any PX volumes can be exclusively accessed from any host as long as they are not simultaneously accessed. Shared volumes are for providing simultaneous (concurrent or shared) access to a volume from multiple hosts at the same time.
Note 2: You do not necessarily need a replication factor of greater than 1 on your volume in order for it to be shared. Even a volume with a replication factor of 1 can be shared on as many nodes as there are in your cluster.

A typical pattern is for a single container to have one or more volumes. Conversely, many scenarios would benefit from multiple containers being able to access the same volume, possibly from different hosts. Accordingly, the shared volume feature enables a single volume to be read/write accessible by multiple containers. Example use cases include:

  • A technical computing workload sourcing its input and writing its output to a shared volume.
  • Scaling a number of Wordpress containers based on load while managing a single shared volume.
  • Collecting logs to a central location
Note: Usage of shared/sharedv4 volumes for databases is not recommended, since they have a small metadata overhead. Along with that, typical databases do not support concurrent writes to the underlying database at the same time.

Difference between shared and sharedv4 volumes, is the underlying protocol that is used to share this global namespace across multiple hosts.



Last edited: Wednesday, Oct 2, 2019